Jesus Christ, the Son of God, one of the main characters in the Bible, was prophesied in the Old Testament, fulfilled all the OT promises concerning him at his First Coming, and is at work fulfilling the New Testament prophecies. Did you know there are over 5,467 promises recorded in the bible? In terms of Old Testament prophecies, Jesus fulfilled about 300 of them in his lifetime.
There were many things that Jesus did, as disciple John writes in the Gospel of John, that if all of them were written down, not even the world itself would have space for the books that would be written (John 21:25). Therefore, all that was recorded and inspired by the Holy Spirit to be written by those who followed Jesus is for the edification of future believers, and for the sake of creating within them firm faith.
THE BIRTH OF JESUS CHRIST
There were many things unique regarding the birth of Jesus called the Christ. Amongst these things, he was born from a virgin during a tumultuous time and has probably made more trips than the average Jewish newborn. Aside from these anomalies, they were not what made the little babe the Christ (Greek chrīstós, meaning “anointed one”), or the Messiah (Hebrew māšīaḥ, meaning the Savior).
Rather, Jesus was the ‘Word in flesh’ (John 1:14). In other words, he was the fulfillment of the Word of promise that was written throughout the Old Testament regarding a Messiah to come. Even before Jesus was born, the events leading up to his birth were already prophesied. The events that immediately followed after his birth also were prophesied, and these events were recorded within scripture as a witness to his claims of being the Son of God.
Jesus was born, approximately 4 BC, to Mary and Joseph who came from the line of Jesse, fulfilling the prophecy written 700 years before his birth through the prophet Isaiah. His birth was never before seen
Jesus’s birth caught the attention of many, including that of King Herod. Perceiving the birth of the long awaited Messiah as a potential threat to his power, King Herod ordered for the massacre of two year old boys and under in an attempt to thwart the Messiah. This event was also prophesied 600 BC through the prophet Jeremiah, “A voice is heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because they are no more.”
From the beginning of Jesus’s birth, to the moment he utters, “It is finished”, his life was devoted to fulfilling the will of the Father as recorded in the Old Testament scripture. All that was recorded regarding the life of Jesus is for the growth of the faith of those who seek him. As Apostle Paul aptly points out in 1 Corinthians 15:3-11, “For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures…Whether, then, it was I or they [the other apostles], this is what we preach, and this is what you believed.”
Magi or called Wise men “from the east” (Matthew 2:1) start to perceive what appears to be an impression of being a brilliant star showing up in the sky. They strongly believe that this wonderful and miraculous reference point will lead them to the “King of the Jews” (Jesus) whose birth they can rejoice.
The Magi, and the huge caravan that will go with them, choose to embrace what will end up being a 1,000+ mile (1,609+ kilometer) journey. Preparations are started to transport these significant men (and numerous others) toward the west in a caravan laden with gold, frankincense, and myrrh. This event should not just be dismissed as something random but rather viewed through the lens of the Old Testament as a sign that God was indeed working to fulfill His promises. For instance, through the prophet Isaiah, it is written, “Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn.” Also as is recorded in the Psalms, “May the kings of Tarshish and of distant shores bring tribute to him. May the kings of Sheba and Seba present him gifts.”
During the “course of Abijah (Abia)” (Luke 1:5, 8 – 9), a man named Zacharias starts his work at Jerusalem’s temple, which is the eighth of 24 “shifts” priests could serve inside (1 Chronicles 24:10). It is recorded that shifts ran from early afternoon on one Sabbath (Saturday) to the following.
The first shift this year runs from March 20 (Nisan 1) to 27, implying that Zecharias’ workday is from May 15 to 22. Since May 23, nonetheless, is Pentecost, and all priests are needed to work during the three occupied Festival seasons (the other two being Passover and Tabernacles), his time of service goes on until May 29.
While fulfilling his holy obligations, the archangel Gabriel (likely on Pentecost, since John’s existence to the world was a significant fulfillment of the prophecy) visits Zacharias. This ground-breaking angelic being informed him that his barren spouse Elizabeth will miraculously bear him a son. This child, to be named John, will be filled up with God’s spirit from origination (Luke 1:5 – 15).
Since Zacharias questions and doubts the veracity of what the angel states, he is delivered unfit to talk until the day of birth of John (Luke 1:18 – 20, 57 – 64). John the Baptist, toward the beginning of June, is conceived by Elizabeth(Luke 1:23 – 24).
Gabriel, during Elizabeth’s 6th month of pregnancy, is being sent to a young virgin named Mary in the city of Nazareth (Luke 1:26 – 27). She is being betrothed to a man named Joseph. The archangel informed her that she will miraculously conceive and will give birth (through the power of God) to the Savior of humankind!
Mary, however amazed at what she is told, acknowledges herself as the servant of God and agreed to the will of God. Then, it was time she miraculously conceived Jesus Christ in her womb. She at that point leaves Nazareth to go through around a quarter of a year (Luke 1:39 – 40, 56) with her cousin Elizabeth.
Mary leaves Elizabeth and goes back to Nazareth (Luke 1:56). Six months before the birth of Jesus Christ, Elizabeth gave birth to John, which was dated between February 27 and March 11 (Luke 1:26, 36). On the day of Zacharias’ child circumcision, he was able to speak once again after he wrote down the name “John” as his child’s name (Luke 1:59 – 64).
Before long, Joseph finds that Mary, his espoused wife, is three months pregnant (Matthew 1:18). In spite of the fact that he accepts she has committed infidelity (deserving of death, see Leviticus 20:10), it was described that Joseph was a “righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace” and instead to divorce her quietly (Matthew 1:19).
An angel appears to Joseph in a dream and discloses to him the child in Mary’s womb was miraculously created by God. Joseph accepts and believes what the angel messenger told him and chooses to remain married to Mary. Additionally, he decides not to have any intercourse activity with her until after the day of birth of Jesus.
The little city of Bethlehem, when Mary and Joseph show up to pay for Roman taxes, is immersed with people (Luke 2:1 – 3). Due to the reason that all housing in the city is taken, the couple must stay in a stable — exactly the place where Jesus is born and laid in a manger.
Written in Luke 2:8-11, an angel has proclaimed to the shepherd that man’s Savior has finally been born. Additionally, he discloses to them the exact location where the child is born, along with what he is enveloped by, signifies the sign that they have found the right child.
The shepherds, after innumerable angel messengers appear in the sky to appraise God, travel into Bethlehem to search for Jesus (Luke 2:13 – 16). Jesus, on the eighth day after his birth to the world, is circumcised in acquiescence to God’s law (Leviticus 12:3, Luke 2:21).
The Magi show up in Jerusalem and are significant enough dignitaries to warrant a prompt crowd with Herod the Great. They’re looking for any other information about the King they’re looking for since the star that has driven them on their journey has vanished. King Herod was alarmed by this new insight. Right then, Herod called for a gathering of all the city’s chief priests and scribes (section 4) to which they confirmed with the Old Testament prophecy: “But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.”
To finally be able to present Jesus to God, Joseph and Mary travel to Jesuralem to go to the temple (Luke 2:22 – 24). While at the temple Simeon favors the family and gives a few prophecies. Anna, a prophetess, has recognized the Savior. She then tells it to others concerning him (verses 36 – 38).
Herod briskly demands the priest as well as the scribes to reveal to him where the Messiah’s birth to the world is to occur (Matthew 2:4). They quote to him Micah 5:2 where it says,” He will be born from Bethlehem” (sections 5 – 6). At that point, he sets out a secret meeting together with the Magi and discovers the star they initially saw in the sky that appeared two years back.
Herod then told the Magi that the King they are looking for (Jesus) can be finally found in Bethlehem. He requests that once they know the exact location where the child can be found, they should return to Jerusalem to let him know (Matthew 2:7 – 8).
When the Magi leaves Jerusalem, the star they saw that had disappeared shows up once again! It sparkles and moves before them with the end goal that it drives them directly to a home (not a stable!) where they eventually find Mary and the infant Jesus (Matthew 2:9 – 11).
The Magi, in spite of the fact that they had intended to return to Jerusalem and report what they found to Herod, are warned in a dream not to do such a thing. They then decided to take another route back home (Matthew 2:12).
Joseph, just after the Magi leave, is also warned in a dream to escape to Egypt until Herod passes on (Matthew 2:13 – 15). This is done on the grounds that Herod will before long look to murder the Christ child.
Herod, erroneously believing that the Magi are taunting him by not quickly returning to Jerusalem after they had praised Jesus’ birth to the world, flies into wrath. Remembering that they disclosed to him they originally observed the star two years back, he then orders all male children in Bethlehem (AND the encompassing areas as well!) two years of age or younger to be killed (Matthew 2:16 – 18). In Jeremiah 31:15, this impulsive act of mass homicide had fulfilled the prophecy.
Joseph, Mary, and Jesus get back from Egypt to their home at Nazareth in Galilee. Jesus, at the age of 12, goes to Jerusalem together with his parents for the Jewish celebration of Passover. Mary and Joseph head home accidentally leaving Jesus behind. They return to search for him. Following three days they discover him in the temple, conversing with the religious teachers. In the Gospel of Luke, it says that people were astounded when they heard about Jesus’s answers and understanding of the scriptures. At the point when Mary challenges him about his nonappearance, Jesus answers, ‘Didn’t you know I must be in my Father’s house?’ – the primary indication that he is aware of God’s will for him. This is the main Bible story about Jesus’ childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood.
John the Baptist, a renowned radical teacher, – a relative of Jesus – is drawing in groups out into the desert. He’s asking them to give up their terrible conduct and attitudes. He says he is setting up the way for a greater teacher. Jesus leaves Nazareth and goes out into the desert and John says this is the teacher he’d been discussing.
In the Gospel of John, John the Baptist exclaims, ‘Look! The Lamb of God who removes the sin of the world… this is one I implied… ‘ He baptises Jesus in the River Jordan at Bethany in order to “fulfill all righteousness” (Matthew 3:15).
In the Gospel of Matthew, it says that heaven was opened as the time Jesus had prayed. The Holy Spirit, like a dove, descended onto him.
What’s more, the voice of God came from heaven: “This is my son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” Jesus goes into the Judean desert immediately for 40 days without food as he was fasting. The devil tempts him multiple times using distorted understanding of scripture. However, Jesus overcomes the devil’s schemes with the correct understanding of the Word of God. The devil finally leaves. Jesus returns to Galilee and lives in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali to fulfill prophecy (Matthew 4:14-16).
Jesus recruits his disciples and performs the first miracle (28 AD)
Jesus made visits from Capernaum located in Galilee to the neighboring towns and villages during the initial part of his ministry, demonstrating the authority of his mission by performing miraculous deeds and gathering many to hear the Word of God. The Gospels have described different miraculous occurrences, for example, raising the dead, healing the debilitated, feeding thousands, casting the devil, calming the waves and winds by command, and other wonderful miraculous deeds. Immediate after performing such miracles, Jesus would take the opportunity to preach the Word of God, by which man shall live on (Dt. 8:3, Mt. 4:4, Jn. 6:63).
Jesus had chosen a small group consisting of 12 disciples, students or followers who would later become apostles, in order to learn well from him that they may also help in the work of God. The disciples were those who valued the teachings of Jesus and humbly sought for understanding, unlike the community around them who continuously persecuted Jesus. He taught them the secrets of the kingdom of heaven and imparted with them the deep teachings of God (Matthew 13:11, 1 Cor 2:9-10) that allowed their faith to grow that they, too, may overcome the devil and be victorious.
Jesus begins teaching and performs miraculous healings ( 28AD- 30AD)
After this, Jesus journeyed to Capernaum, then to Jerusalem during preparation for the Passover. Here, he found merchants and money changers. Infuriated at this, he drove out the animals and overturned the tables of the money changers. “How are you turn my Father’s house into a market!” he exclaimed. This happened to fulfill the prophecy
frees the temple in Jerusalem from money-changers and rogue merchants. He starts to educate and heal debilitated people who come to him. He secretly meets a senior Jewish leader, Nicodemus, who reveals to him he should be ‘brought back to life’ on the off chance that he wants to have a close relationship with God.
Jesus teaches in temples across Galilee. He is rejected in Nazareth where individuals take steps to lose him a bluff, throwing him off a cliff. He proceeds to teach and miraculously heal debilitated individuals, which include the mother-in-law of Simon Peter’s. A tax collector, Matthew, who was despised for collaborating with the said occupying Romans, becomes a follower of Jesus as well.
Immense groups are now following Jesus. Overlooking the Sea of Galilee, Jesus sets out a Christian statement, teaching on a range of life’s issues including retaliation, loving one’s enemy, anger, desire, worry, divorce, providing for the poor, and criticizing others. And more miraculous healings follow. A Roman centurion and Samaritans believe in Jesus’ teachings.
Jesus raises a young girl and a widow’s son from the dead.
Religious leaders are estranged by his teachings and clear penetration of laws about the Jewish Sabbath. They start to challenge him. Jesus also miraculously calmed a storm and sent the 12 apostles to heal those sick. Jesus starts to predict his death and restoration. Religious leaders question his power. Jesus denounces their affectation. They start to plot to execute him.
According to the Gospels
Jesus of Nazareth started his ministry when he was around thirty years old (Luke 3:23). His first four Apostles, named Simon Peter and Andrew, James, and John (Mark 1:16-20) were called as they were fishing by the seaside, in which Jesus told them to put down their nets and follow him: “Come, follow me… and I will make you fishers of men.” In the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7), Jesus preached about the Beatitudes, which was a teaching concerning how believers should behave and act to receive the blessings of heaven.
During his ministry, Jesus performed many miracles, such as healing a man of leprosy, resurrecting a young girl and Lazarus, turning water into wine, feeding 5,000 people, and much more. Then after instructing his disciples, he gave them the authority to drive out evil spirits and heal every disease and sickness and sent them to the “lost sheep of Israel”. Yet, he also warned them that they would be greatly persecuted for preaching about the truth and the kingdom of heaven, and he advised them to not be afraid of men but to be afraid of God who could throw both soul and body into hell. After hearing his cousin, John the Baptist, was thrown into jail, Jesus instead went to go and preach in Galilee.
While there, Jesus preached about the kingdom of heaven through the use of parables, which utilizes many forms of figurative language to describe things of the spiritual realm. Yet, Jesus also exposed the wickedness and hypocrisy of the religious leaders of that time, the Pharisees and the Teachers of the Law, by calling them snakes and broods of vipers and unveiling their willingness to disobey God’s commands for the sake of their own traditions. The Pharisees and Teachers of the Law were offended and bitter against Jesus, therefore, they began to spread lies and slander about Jesus to prevent people from going out to listen and follow him. They called him demon possessed and a cult leader, however, Jesus did not allow their lies to hinder the work of God and so he continues to teach about heaven and what believers must do to be acknowledged by God. Towards, the end of his ministry, the disciples question what the signs of the second coming will be, and Jesus firstly warns them to not be deceived and then utilizes many parables to describe the signs of the second coming.
While Jesus was faithfully carrying out the work of God, the chief priests and elders plotted on how to kill Jesus, to which they then bribed Judas with 30 pieces of silver to betray him.
THE DEATH OF JESUS CHRIST
The Last Supper
On the night of his arrest, Jesus gathered his 12 disciples to have a last supper with them. During this time, Jesus expressed that he knew one of the disciples would betray him. Yet even so, Jesus then offered them a cup to drink from saying, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins”. Jesus also warned the disciples that that very night they would all fall away on account of him and that Peter would deny him three times.
Jesus then went into the garden of Gethsemane where he went off to pray before God before the moment of his greatest suffering. While he was so scared that he sweat blood, he still acknowledged God’s will be done for he understood his sacrifice was necessary for the salvation of all creation.
Upon his return, Jesus was arrested by the Roman soldiers, however, one of the disciples lunged forward and slashed off the ears of one of the opposers. To which, Jesus rebuked him saying, “Put your sword back in its place…for all who draw the sword will die by the sword.” While Jesus could have called upon the legions of angels to come and defend him, he understood that the fulfillment of God’s work must take place. The disciples then deserted Jesus and fled.
When on trial before the Sanhedrin, the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were searching for any false evidence they could present against Christ to condemn him. They twisted Jesus’ words and claimed that he had told them that he would destroy the temple. They then spit and slapped Jesus to further humiliate him. While the trial was ongoing, Peter was questioned by a few individuals if he was associated with Jesus, out of fear, Peter denied Jesus three times. Yet, when he realized his actions, he wept.
In the final stage of his trial, Jesus was brought before Pilate, yet Jesus did not beg nor slander but simply stayed silent despite the false charges brought against him. Pilate presented before the crowd a terrible, notorious criminal (Barnabas) and Jesus, and he told the crowd to choose who should go free because Pilate did not want to be blamed for convicting the wrong person. The people chose to set Barnabas free and crucify Jesus.
Prior to being nailed to the cross, Jesus was stripped of all his clothing and was whipped him again and again and again, as seen in the movie “Passion of the Christ”. Then, they placed on his head a thrown of crowns as a sign of mockery calling and taunting him as the “King of the Jews”. Furthermore, they forced him to carry his own cross to the site of his crucifixion.
Upon arrival, Jesus’ body was splayed on the cross and his hands and feet were nailed directly into the wood. Then, two criminals were also crucified next to him as punishment for their crimes. Jesus hung from the cross in agony while the people looked up at him and hurled insults, mocking him. Even the chief priests and elders joined in with their goading: “He saved others…but he can’t save himself! He is the King of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, “I am the son of God.’ (Mark 27:42-43). The robbers that hung next to Jesus joined in on the mockery and heaped upon their insults too.
Before Jesus Dies
Crucifixion was a form of capital punishment as it condemned the guilty to a prolonged painful death. Yet, even as Jesus hung there in suffering, he did not curse the Israelites nor did he beg for them to be taken down. Instead he endured because he knew his sacrifice of bearing the cross was necessary for God’s will to be fulfilled. To the very end, Jesus was able to glorify God and finish the work of fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies through sharing words regarding forgiveness and victory.
Forgiveness (Luke 23:34)
Jesus’ first words were a prayer of forgiveness: “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” (Luke 23:34). As Jesus was experiencing much pain, he remained faithful to God and endured until the very end. In his final moments, he did not give into his own flesh but instead he thought of those who stood before him, mocking him in his time of suffering. Instead of hurling insults back, he prayed on behalf of those who had wrongfully condemned him and advocated on their behalf before God asking for forgiveness for their ignorance.
Acceptance (Luke 23:43)
Two criminals were crucified next to Jesus, and initially both mocked him alongside the chief priests, elders, and Jews, however, overtime one of the criminals continued to insult Jesus while the other was less certain. This criminal had come to an understanding the Jesus had not done anything wrong and therefore, he questioned the other criminal asking, “Don’t you fear God…since you are under the same sentence? We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.” (Luke 23:40-41). Then he asked Jesus to remember him when he would come into his kingdom, and Jesus responded that “Truly, I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise” (Luke 23:42-43). Rather than judging and condemning the criminal for their rude behavior, Jesus forgave and shared words of life and hope.
Jesus’ Mother (John 19:25-27)
After the soldiers crucified Jesus and cast lots for his clothing, fulfilling yet another prophecy set in Psalms 22:18, Jesus saw his mother, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene standing beside the disciple whom he loved named John. He then said, “Dear woman, here is your son” and to the disciple he said, “Here is your mother”. Afterwards, the disciple then took care of Jesus’ mother from that time on. As Apostle Paul states in 1 Corinthians 12, that believers are considered one body, therefore, it is important to carry out Jesus’ command: “Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another” (John 13:34).
Agony on the Cross
Between Jesus; sixth and ninth hour upon the cross, he then cried out “Eloi, Eloi lama sabachthani? — which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” which is a phrase that is mentioned in Psalms 22:1. Mentioned hundreds of years prior, this phrase was part of a prophecy concerning the Messiah promised to come. In saying this phrase, Jesus fulfilled another part of the prophecy further proving himself to be the Promised Messiah. Then before his passing, he was allowed to drink some wine vinegar from a sponge and when he cried out louds again, Jesus gave up his spirit and passed.
Victory in Fulfillment (John 19:28)
Many biblical scholars have believed that during the crucifixion, Jesus cried for something to drink so that he would be able to have strong strength to make his victorious benediction. But we know for certain through the scriptures is that Jesus’ cry of thirst was to fulfill scripture. Jn 19:28 begins explains, “Later, knowing that all was now completed, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.’”
Victory (John 19:30)
Jesus’ final words on the cross were, “It is finished.” Scholars have postulated several understandings of what exactly was “finished.” We know for certain, through the Scriptures, that Christ had fulfilled all of the prophecies concerning him at this time, from being born of a virgin (Is 7:14; Mt 1:18-23) to bearing the cross for the sin of man (Ps 22, Is 52; Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19). Through his death, Jesus brought victory for all creation because he took upon himself the sins of many and died so no longer would humankind be condemned to death but would finally have a way to receive eternal life. Ultimately, death was not the end for Jesus but simply the end of him fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies. While from the perspectives of the Israelites, chief priests, and elders, it seemed they had “won”, however, in actuality all had gone according to God’s plan.
Completion (Luke 23:46)
The last words from Jesus’ mouth was a prayer lifted up to God: “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit” (Luke 23:46). His last words revealing his whole hearted trust within His spiritual Father, for despite all the pain and persecution he endured, Jesus remained faithful to God and His will to the very end. In Proverbs 16:9, it mentions that “In their hearts humans plan their course, but the LORD establishes their steps”, conveying God’s sovereignty over all creation. While from a human’s limited perspective, it seems unfair that the world is filled with so much evil, however, as seen in Genesis 6, God was heartbroken in seeing His creation fall to the devil (1 John 5:19). From the beginning, God had already purposed how His creation could reconnect back to Him, yet believers themselves have the choice of whether to obey and follow the teachings of Christ or choose to pursue their own desires. As Christians are followers, or disciples, of Christ, they have the obligation to follow after Jesus’ teachings so that they may also be acknowledged before God for their faith.
After the Crucifixion (Jesus’ Burial)
In the events following Jesus’ crucifixion and death, a soldier stabbed his body to ensure he was dead, but water and blood spilled out of him. They then took him down from the cross and wrapped him in clean linen to be buried in a tomb with a large rock to close the entrance. Yet, the chief priests recalled Jesus telling them that he would rise again after three days, and out of fear, they ordered soldiers to be placed in front of the tomb to guard it. They did not want to risk the disciples stealing the body and claiming a false resurrection. However, both Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses remained at the tomb.
While Jesus’ death appeared to be the end, in actuality it was only the beginning. The day after the Sabbath at dawn, a violent earthquake shook the Earth causing Mary Magdalene and Mary to check upon Jesus’ tomb.
When they arrived at the burial chamber, they found the stone moved back and the body of Jesus missing from the burial site. Not long after this finding, Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene, known as one of Jesus’ followers who witnessed firsthand the torturous killing on the cross, burial, and resurrection. Initially, she was speechless in gazing upon the risen Saviour, and left to go tell the disciples.
The death and resurrection of Jesus Christ is one of the more notable acts as it contributes to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies concerning the First Coming of the Messiah . During the forty days of teaching the disciples following his resurrection, Jesus demonstrated himself to be made alive from the dead, or resurrected, by showing his pierced hands to his disciples.
Furthermore, the shedding of Jesus’ blood established the new covenant that was prophesied since the time of Jeremiah (Jer 31:31-34; Lk 22:14-20). It is through being purchased with Jesus’ blood that God’s new kingdom and priests, God’s family at His eternal kingdom, comes to be established and appear (Rv 1:5-6; Rv 5:9-10; Rv 7:14). True believers must not have a mindset of “peace and safety,” for being complacent and self-righteous condemns humankind to its own sinful nature, therefore we must instead pray and make an effort to know and keep the new covenant.